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Pony

Animal Name

Pony

Scientific Name

Equus caballus

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Order

Perissodactyla

Family

Equidae

Genus

Equus

Species

Caballus

Geographic Range

Domestic ponies are found worldwide except in Antarctica.

Habitat

Varied

Physical Description

Physical characteristics are very similar to horses. However, ponies usually have a stockier build, shorter legs, wider foreheads and grow a thicker winter coat.

Physical Characteristics

Height under 14.2 hands high. (One hand is equal to 4 inches).

Life Expectancy

On average they live 30 years but may live to 40 years or more.

Diet

Hay, grass and grain

Reproduction

Ponies are a placental mammal with an 11 month gestation period

Cultural Connection

As a domestic breed, ponies were used historically to pull carts in the coal mining industry.  They are now used primarily for recreational purposes or showing.

Conservation Status

There are currently eight heritage breed ponies listed in the Livestock Breed Conservancy. Three of which have a  critically endangered status.

Be the Change

Get involved or donate to the Livestock Conservancy.

Location at the Zoo

Hugh Kaul Children’s Zoo Barn

The Zoo's Animals

Napoleon is about 9 years old and was donated to the zoo in 2011.  It appears as though he is not listed in any registry leaving the Zoo unable to verify his breed. Napoleon is curious and playful. He enjoys walks and grazing time.

Fascinating Facts

Ponies (and horses) can take short naps while standing by using a specially designed ligament and tendon locking mechanism in the leg. Ponies are not miniature horses. Medical problems involving the digestive system are serious because equids cannot vomit to rid the body of toxins or obstructions.